Tissue levels of atrial natriuretic polypeptide (ANP) messenger RNA (ANPmRNA) and ANP in the rat heart were measured simultaneously. In Wistar rats, ANPmRNA of the same size (approximately 0.95 kbp) was detected in all four chambers of the rat heart. The ANPmRNA level was the highest in the right atrium, and the left atrial level was slightly lower than the right atrial level. Ventricular levels were more than two orders of magnitude lower than atrial levels. Tissue ANP concentrations of four chambers were roughly parallel to ANPmRNA levels. In spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with the elevated plasma ANP level, the ANPmRNA level in the left atrium was substantially increased. The left/right ratio of atrial ANPmRNA level in SHR (150%) was higher than that in control Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) (90%). In contrast, the left/right ratio of atrial ANP concentration was decreased in SHR (44%) compared with that in WKY (84%). The ratio of ANP to ANPmRNA levels in the left atrium of SHR was about three times smaller than that in the right atrium of SHR, and those in bilateral atria of WKY. These results indicate that the biosynthesis and secretion of ANP from the left atrium is preferentially increased in SHR. Thus, simultaneous determination of ANPmRNA and ANP levels is a refined strategy of investigation for the biosynthesis, storage and secretion of ANP.
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - 1987 10月 14
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