This highlight review overviews recent progress in fluorescence imaging technology for the alkaline-earth metal ions calcium, and magnesium, by small molecule-based fluorescent probes. Fluorescent probes for Ca2+ using 1,2-bis-(o-aminophenoxy)- ethane-N,N,N′,N′-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA) as a recognition unit are introduced. Focus is set on the fluorescence characteristics and intracellular dynamics of Ca2+ fluorescent probes depending on the differences in fluorophore units. In addition, this review comprehensively covers Mg2+ fluorescent probes from Mg2+ selective ligands and fluorophore units to their application. In particular, the influence of the molecular structure of the fluorescent probes on organelle localization and fluorescence wavelength for imaging intracellular signals in organelles and intercellular multiple signal interactions are summarized, providing a strategy for probe design for chemists, and for selecting the appropriate imaging technique for biologists.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)