SMART-SLE: serology monitoring and repeat testing in systemic lupus erythematosus—an analysis of anti-double-stranded DNA monitoring

Asia-Pacific Lupus Collaboration

研究成果: Article査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Objective: Disease activity monitoring in SLE includes serial measurement of anti-double stranded-DNA (dsDNA) antibodies, but in patients who are persistently anti-dsDNA positive, the utility of repeated measurement is unclear. We investigated the usefulness of serial anti-dsDNA testing in predicting flare in SLE patients who are persistently anti-dsDNA positive. Methods: Data were analysed from patients in a multinational longitudinal cohort with known anti-dsDNA results from 2013 to 2021. Patients were categorized based on their anti-dsDNA results as persistently negative, fluctuating or persistently positive. Cox regression models were used to examine longitudinal associations of anti-dsDNA results with flare. Results: Data from 37 582 visits of 3484 patients were analysed. Of the patients 1029 (29.5%) had persistently positive anti-dsDNA and 1195 (34.3%) had fluctuating results. Anti-dsDNA expressed as a ratio to the normal cut-off was associated with the risk of subsequent flare, including in the persistently positive cohort (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.56; 95% CI: 1.30, 1.87; P<0.001) and fluctuating cohort (adjusted HR 1.46; 95% CI: 1.28, 1.66), both for a ratio >3. Both increases and decreases in anti-dsDNA more than 2-fold compared with the previous visit were associated with increased risk of flare in the fluctuating cohort (adjusted HR 1.33; 95% CI: 1.08, 1.65; P¼0.008) and the persistently positive cohort (adjusted HR 1.36; 95% CI: 1.08, 1.71; P¼0.009). Conclusion: Absolute value and change in anti-dsDNA titres predict flares, including in persistently anti-dsDNA positive patients. This indicates that repeat monitoring of dsDNA has value in routine testing.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)525-533
ページ数9
ジャーナルRheumatology (United Kingdom)
63
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2024 2月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • リウマチ学
  • 薬理学(医学)

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