The local photoexcited surface states of a polycrystalline-copper (Cu) substrate were observed via two-photon photoelectron emission microscopy (2P-PEEM) using a femtosecond laser. The 2P-PEEM results revealed local distributions of the photoexcited electrons, strongly depending on the crystal domains. With the energy-filtered images, the local 2P-photoemission spectra were selectively obtained for (1 1 1)- and (1 1 0)/(1 0 0)-crystal domains. Furthermore, the 2P-PEEM could visualize propagating Cu surface plasmon polaritons with wavevector of 7.61 × 106 m−1. These results indicate that the 2P-PEEM technique is a promising tool for studying the distribution of nonequivalent photoexcited surface states for various inhomogeneous functional nanomaterials.
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