Biliary complications after hepatectomy in living donors have yet to be eradicated. We hypothesized that a standardized upfront Glissonean approach and liver hanging maneuver (GH) would prevent mechanical and thermal injuries to the hilar plate of the remnant liver by determining the point of bile duct division and the final destination of hepatectomy preceding liver parenchymal transection (safety) and facilitate liver transection deep within the parenchyma and allow maximum length of hilar structures (rationality). GH was implemented in 2016 and its incidence of bile leakage was retrospectively compared against the conventional technique. GH comprises six steps: (1) development of the retrohepatic avascular plane between the right hepatic vein (RHV) and the middle hepatic vein (MHV) and isolation of the hepatic vein(s); (2) isolation of the right or left Glissonean pedicle with the corresponding Glissonean pedicles of the caudate lobe; (3) for right liver grafts and left liver grafts with the caudate lobe, passage of the tape for the liver hanging maneuver along the retrohepatic avascular plane and above the hilar plate, and for left liver grafts without the caudate lobe and for left lateral section grafts, passage of the tape from between the RHV and the MHV, along the Arantius ligament, and to the right of the umbilical portion; (4) liver transection; (5) isolation of hilar structures; and (6) graft procurement. Until 2020, 62 consecutive living donors underwent GH (success rate, 100%). The incidence of bile leakage from the hepatic hilum (0%) was significantly lower than that among 59 donors who underwent the conventional technique in 2011-2015 (9%; p = 0.01). In conclusion, GH is highly effective in reducing bile leakage from the hepatic hilum in living donors.
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