Substance and Artifact in the Higher-Order Factors of the Big Five

Robert R. McCrae, Shinji Yamagata, Kerry L. Jang, Rainer Riemann, Juko Ando, Yutaka Ono, Alois Angleitner, Frank M. Spinath

研究成果: Article査読

95 被引用数 (Scopus)


J. M. Digman (1997) proposed that the Big Five personality traits showed a higher-order structure with 2 factors he labeled α and β. These factors have been alternatively interpreted as heritable components of personality or as artifacts of evaluative bias. Using structural equation modeling, the authors reanalyzed data from a cross-national twin study and from American cross-observer studies and analyzed new multimethod data from a German twin study. In all analyses, artifact models outperformed substance models by root-mean-square error of approximation criteria, but models combining both artifact and substance were slightly better. These findings suggest that the search for the biological basis of personality traits may be more profitably focused on the 5 factors themselves and their specific facets, especially in monomethod studies.

ジャーナルJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
出版ステータスPublished - 2008 8月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 社会心理学
  • 社会学および政治科学


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