The superfluid density is a fundamental quantity describing the response to a rotation as well as in two-fluid collisional hydrodynamics. We present extensive calculations of the superfluid density Ïs in the BCS-BEC crossover regime of a uniform superfluid Fermi gas at finite temperatures. We include strong-coupling or fluctuation effects on these quantities within a Gaussian approximation. We also incorporate the same fluctuation effects into the BCS single-particle excitations described by the superfluid order parameter Î" and Fermi chemical potential Î, using the NoziÃresâ€"Schmitt-Rink approximation. This treatment is shown to be necessary for consistent treatment of Ïs over the entire BCS-BEC crossover. We also calculate the condensate fraction Nc as a function of the temperature, a quantity which is quite different from the superfluid density Ïs. We show that the mean-field expression for the condensate fraction Nc is a good approximation even in the strong-coupling BEC regime. Our numerical results show how Ïs and Nc depend on temperature, from the weak-coupling BCS region to the BEC region of tightly bound Cooper pair molecules. In a companion paper, we derive an equivalent expression for Ïs from the thermodynamic potential, which exhibits the role of the pairing fluctuations in a more explicit manner.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2007 3月 21|
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