Supersymmetric nonlinear sigma models are obtained from linear sigma models by imposing supersymmetric constraints. If we introduce auxiliary chiral and vector superfields, these constraints can be expressed by D-terms and F-terms depending on the target manifolds. Auxiliary vector superfields appear as gauge fields without kinetic terms. If there are no D-term constraints, the target manifolds are always non-compact manifolds. When all the degrees of freedom in these non-compact directions are eliminated by gauge symmetries, the target manifold becomes compact. All supersymmetric nonlinear sigma models, whose target manifolds are hermitian symmetric spaces, are successfully formulated as gauge theories.
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