Recent developments in synthetic and supramolecular techniques have made it possible to control precisely, organize and arrange molecules at the nanometre level. Such synthetic and supramolecular strategies enable us to construct photofunctional molecular architectures for light energy conversion, such as photovoltaics. In photovoltaic cells, processes such as light-harvesting, charge separation for carrier generation, and carrier transport are generally required. Therefore, the construction of supramolecular assemblies based on these three processes is interesting and promising for the future development of photovoltaics. In this perspective, the focus is on the recent developments of supramolecular systems for light energy conversion, which are mainly composed of porphyrin dyes and nanocarbon materials, such as fullerenes and carbon nanotubes. The specific topics are as follows: (i) preparation, photodynamics, and photoelectrochemistry of self-assembled porphyrin nanoparticles prepared by simple blend, (ii) highly organized supramolecular nanoassemblies of porphyrins and fullerenes using gold nanoparticles, dendritic and polypeptide structures, (iii) the supramolecular formation and photoelectrochemical property of carbon nanotubes, and (iv) supramolecular photofunctional nanorods of porphyrins.
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