STK, a new member of the hepatocyte growth factor receptor family, is the receptor for macrophage-stimulating protein (MSP), which acts on murine resident peritoneal macrophages. We established polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies against STK and characterized the structure of STK protein and STK expression on cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system. Western blotting showed that the STK transcript is translated into a single-chain precursor and then cleaved into a 165-kD disulfide-linked heterodimer composed of a 35- kD α-chain and a 144-kD β-chain. Western blotting detected STK protein on resident peritoneal macrophages, a target of MSP, and showed that it was autophosphorylated in cells stimulated by MSP. By flow cytometric analysis using a monoclonal anti-STK antibody, we showed that STK protein is expressed on restricted macrophage populations such as resident peritoneal macrophages, but not on exudate peritoneal macrophages or mononuclear phagocytes of the bone marrow, peripheral blood, spleen, or alveoli. Resident peritoneal macrophages were classified into two fractions according to their reactivity with an anti-STK antibody and a marker antibody for macrophages: STK(high)- F4/80(high) cells and STK(negative)-F4/80(low) cells. Acute exudative macrophages were all STK(negative)-F4/80(low), but they gradually became predominantly STK(high)-F4/80(low) several days after entrance into the peritoneal cavity. These results showed that after monocytes migrate into the peritoneal cavity, they undergo terminal differentiation in the peritoneal microenvironment. This is the first evidence of tissue-specific terminal differentiation of peritoneal macrophages, and this terminal differentiation can be characterized by the expression of STK receptor tyrosine kinase.
|出版ステータス||Published - 1995 11月 1|
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