The flavonoid nobiletin (5,6,7,8,3′,4′-hexamethoxyflavone), found in Citrus depressa Rutaceae, a popular citrus fruit in Okinawa, Japan, reportedly inhibits the production of pro-matrix metalloproteinase (proMMP)-1, 3, and 9 in rabbit synovial fibroblasts in vitro. In the present study, we demonstrated the inhibitory effects of nobiletin on the proliferation of the cancer cell line, TMK-1, and its production of MMPs. In the SCID mouse model, we found that nobiletin inhibited the formation of peritoneal dissemination nodules from TMK-1. The enzymatic activity of MMP-9 expressed in culture medium obtained from a co-culture of TMK-1 and mouse fibroblastic cells was inhibited by nobiletin in a concentration-dependent manner. In the SCID mouse model, total weight of dissemination nodules was significantly lower in the treated group compared with the vehicle control group (0.07 g vs. 0.78 g, P=0.0059). The total number of dissemination nodules was also significantly lower than in the vehicle control group (7.5 vs. 69.3/body, P=0.0001). These results suggest that nobiletin may be a candidate anti-metastatic drug for prevention of peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer.
|ジャーナル||Japanese Journal of Cancer Research|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas