Aims: Remote monitoring (RM) can improve management of chronic diseases. We evaluated the impact of RM in automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) in a simulation study. Materials and methods: We simulated 12 patient scenarios with common clinical problems and estimated the likely healthcare resource consumption with and without the availability of RM (RM+ and RM- groups, respectively). Scenarios were evaluated 4 times by randomly allocated nephrologist-nurse teams or nephrologist-alone assessors. Results: The RM+ group was assessed as having significantly lower total healthcare resource consumption compared with the RM- group (36.8 vs. 107.5 total episodes of resource consumption, p = 0.002). The RM+ group showed significantly lower “unplanned hospital visits” (2.3 vs. 11.3, p = 0.005), “emergency room visits” (0.5 vs. 5.3, p = 0.003), “home visits” (0.5 vs. 5.8, p = 0.016), “exchanges over the telephone” (18.5 vs. 57.8, p = 0.002), and “change to hemodialysis” (0.5 vs. 2.5, p = 0.003). Evaluations did not differ between nephrologist-nurse teams vs. nephrologist-alone assessors. Conclusion: RM can be expected to reduce healthcare resource consumption in APD patients.
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