In order to identify dipole generators of the N20/P20 and P25, we employed second-order-differentiation in the temporal dimension (temporal-second-order-differentiation; TSOD) with Δt = 2 msec. The rate of variation in the voltage of cortical SEPs calculated by TSOD identified responses of each dipole, reflecting the density of neuronal firing. On topographic analysis, the distributions of N20/P20 and P25 conformed to the shape of gyrus better in the TSOD maps than in the isovoltage maps. The TSOD maps indicated that N20 and P25 were post-central components and that P20 was a pre-central one. Therefore, we concluded that the two dipoles generating N20/P20 and P25 were located in the posterior wall of the central sulcus (area 3b) and the crown (areas 1 and 2) of the post-central gyrus, respectively.
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