Neuromedin U (NMU) is a neuropeptide involved in appetite, circadian rhythm, and pronociception. However, the NMU receptor NMU-R1 has been shown to be expressed in immune cells and NMU promotes mast cell-dependent inflammation. In this study, we demonstrated that NMU plays an important role in IL-6 production in macrophages. NMU-deficient mice were resistant against cecal ligation puncture- as well as LPS-induced septic shock. IL-6 but not TNF-α levels were markedly reduced in LPS-treated NMU-deficient mice compared with wild type mice. Both NMU and NMU-R1 were expressed in wild type peritoneal macrophages, and treatment with LPS resulted in up-regulation of NMU but down-regulation of NMU-R1 expression, however, no down-regulation of NMU-R1 was observed in NMU-deficient macrophages where LPS-induced IL-6 production was severely reduced. These data suggest that LPS-induced IL-6 expression is partly dependent on autocrine/paracrine activation of the NMU-NMU-R1 signals in macrophages.
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - 2006 3月 24
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