A sabot is used in a supersonic accelerator to reduce the in-bore balloting in the tube. Sabot petals are separated from the projectile after muzzle discharges; however, this sabot separation induces flight deviation caused by the shock wave interaction with the projectile. In this study, we investigate the three-dimensional (3D) shock wave interaction between the projectile and the sabot based on a previous experimental configuration by using 3D computational fluid dynamics coupled with rigid-body dynamics. We observed three types of shock wave interaction on the projectile: namely, shock wave oscillation, recompression shock wave attenuation, and shock wave sweep. The shock waves from the projectile and the sabot oscillate around the projectile tip because the gap between the projectile and the sabot is too small for the ambient air to pass through. This oscillation induces a significant aerodynamic perturbation on the projectile and the sabot. Multiple shock wave reflections appear between the projectile and the sabot petals after the oscillation ends. These multiple shock wave reflections generate a complex flow field between the projectile and the sabot, and an unsteady aerodynamic perturbation on the sabot.
|Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences
|Published - 2022
ASJC Scopus subject areas