The total synthesis of melleumin A (1), a novel cyclic depsipeptide isolated from the myxomycete Physarum melleum, and 3-epi-melleumin A (6) was achieved. Melleumin A-like compounds were also designed and synthesized; analysis of these melleumin A-like compounds showed moderate Wnt signal inhibition. Comparison of the inhibition activity of melleumin B and its three epimers, melleumin A, 3-epi-melleumin A and three melleumin A-like compounds led to further investigation of the structural conformation of the active molecules. The scaffold of melleumin is a potential target in the search for "peptide-like" Wnt signaling inhibitors.
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