In diabetic patients, the elevation of plasma prorenin levels or arterial pressure is correlated with the severity of diabetic nephropathy. This study was designed to assess the effects of transmural pressure on prorenin regulation in juxtaglomerular (JG) cells from diabetes rats. The JG cells, harvested from rats intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin 7 (early-diabetic) or 28 (late-diabetic) days previously, were exposed to atmospheric pressure (AP) and AP+40 mmHg for 12 h, and the renin secretion rate (RSR), prorenin secretion rate (PRSR), active renin content (ARC), prorenin content (PRC), and total renin content (TRC) were determined. Exposure of control JG cells to AP+40-mmHg significantly decreased RSR, PRSR, and ARC and significantly increased PRC without affecting TRC, suggesting the occurrence of pressure-mediated inhibition of prorenin processing and secretion. Exposure of early-diabetic and late-diabetic cells to AP+40-mmHg significantly decreased ARC and significantly increased PRC without affecting RSR, PRSR, or TRC. The changes in ARC and PRC were similar in the control and early-diabetic cells, but greater changes were, observed in late-diabetic cells. However, when streptozotocin-treated rats were continuously treated with insulin (9 U/kg/day), the transmural pressure control of prorenin in JG cells was similar to that observed in the JG cells from control rats. In late-diabetic cells, treatment with a phospholipase C inhibitor did not alter the pressure control of ARC or PRC; however, treatment with a phospholipase D inhibitor did inhibit the changes in ARC and PRC with transmural pressure. Thus, pressure-mediated inhibition of prorenin secretion from JG cells has already been impaired in early diabetes. Pressure-induced inhibition of prorenin processing in JG cells via phospholipase D-dependent pathways is enhanced in late diabetes.
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