Trends for stroke incidence and prognosis were investigated in a southwest rural town in Japan, where a community-based stroke prevention program has been conducted since 1969. Four hundred forty-nine stroke patients aged 40 years and older were registered from 1969 to 1988. From among these, 405 (90%) were followed for 3 years to examine prognosis. 1. Age-adjusted stroke incidence in each 5 year interval decreased from 1969 to 1988 with stroke incidence decreasing in almost all age groups 40 years and older for both men and women. A small increase in incidence was observed for women aged 70 years and older between 1979-1983 and 1984-1988. 2. While there was a 46% increase in the population aged 40 years and older, the number of stroke patients decreased between 1969-1973 and 1984-1988. 3. Mortality rates between one week and three years after a stroke have shown a decrease from 1969-1978 to 1979-1988. The proportion of those not requiring nursing care between one week years after stroke has increased. The proportion of all patients requiring nursing care however did not change. 4. After adjusting for age, sex, type of stroke, and loss of consciousness, the blood pressure level within 5 years prior to the stroke was positively associated with death between one week and three years after the event, and was negatively associated with the proportion of those not requiring nursing care. 5. Despite a 31% increase in the census population of all ages between 1969-1978 and 1979-1988, the number of those requiring nursing care has increased only 6% at one year after stroke. If the population had remained constant, the number of those requiring nursing care would have decreased by 10% at one year after the event. These results suggest that a long-term community-based stroke prevention program can decrease both the number of those requiring nursing care and mortality after stroke, as well as stroke incidence and the number of stroke patients.
|[Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health
|Published - 1994 1月
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