We established an in vitro peritoneal dissemination model using six ovarian cancer cell lines and cultured mesothelial cells. Ovarian cancer cells were classified into two types, invasive or adhesive, on the basis of their interaction with the mesothelial cell monolayer. The ovarian cancer cell lines derived from mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and undifferentiated carcinoma, which belonged to the invasive type, began to invade beneath the mesothelial monolayer from several hours after seeding in vitro, expelling the mesothelial cells at the periphery and forming colonies directly on the dish surface. On the other hand, cancer cell lines of clear cell carcinoma, which belonged to the adhesive type, showed colony formation with adhesion on the mesothelial monolayer even 18 h after seeding. Invasive-type cell lines invaded into the mesothelial monolayer at various rates in vitro, and the degree of invasiveness showed good correlation with the degree of peritoneal dissemination in vivo after intraperitoneal injection of cancer cells into nude mice. Adhesive-type cells showed rather higher dissemination rates in vivo. Microscopic observation of in vivo peritoneal dissemination at one day after inoculation also revealed two patterns of peritoneal involvement similar to those in vitro. In the in vitro model, anti-integrin α2- and β1-antibodies inhibited the infiltration of invasive-type cells into the mesothelial monolayer, but did not affect colony formation by adhesive-type cells on the monolayer, indicating that invasion by both cell types was mediated by different molecules. This in vitro model is thought to be useful for analysis of the molecular mechanisms of peritoneal dissemination.
|ジャーナル||Invasion and Metastasis|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1995 1月 1|
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