In this paper, we consider a generalized measurement where one particular quantum signal is unambiguously extracted from a set of noncommutative quantum signals and the other signals are filtered out. Simple expressions for the maximum detection probability and its positive operator valued measure are derived. We apply such unambiguous quantum state filtering to evaluation of the sensing of decoherence channels. The bounds of the precision limit for a given quantum state of probes and possible device implementations are discussed.
|Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
|Published - 2003
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