Uremic Solutes and Sarcopenia

Hiroshi Watanabe, Hiromasa Kato, Yuki Enoki, Hitoshi Maeda, Toru Maruyama

研究成果: Chapter

抄録

Sarcopenia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by muscle wasting and decreased muscle endurance. Many insights have been made into the molecular mechanisms of muscle atrophy in CKD. A persistent imbalance between protein synthesis and degradation causes a loss of muscle mass. A decrease in insulin/IGF-1-Akt-mTOR signaling and an increased ubiquitin–proteasome system have emerged as inducers of muscle loss. During muscle wasting, abnormal levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammatory cytokines are detected in skeletal muscle. The increased ROS and inflammatory cytokine induce the expression of myostatin, a negative regulator of muscle growth. An impaired mitochondrial function also contributes to reduced muscle endurance. Uremic toxins such as indoxyl sulfate, p-cresyl sulfate, and parathyroid hormone have a negative effect on muscle mass and endurance by affecting protein synthesis and degradation in addition to mitochondrial function in skeletal muscle. Some potential therapeutic approaches based on the molecular mechanisms of muscle wasting in CKD are currently in the testing stages.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルUremic Toxins and Organ Failure
出版社Springer Singapore
ページ131-147
ページ数17
ISBN(電子版)9789811577932
ISBN(印刷版)9789811577925
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 1月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 医学(全般)

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