OBJECTIVE - Angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis are complex phenomena that involve the interplay of several growth factors and receptors. Recently, we have demonstrated that in Keratin-14 (K14) promoter-driven Vegf-A transgenic (Tg) mice, not only angiogenesis but also lymphangiogenesis is stimulated. However, the mechanism by which VEGFR1 is involved in lymphangiogenesis remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS - To examine how important the tyrosine kinase (TK) of VEGFR1 is in lymphangiogenesis in K14 Vegf-A Tg mice, we crossed the K14 Vegf-A Tg mice with VEGFR1-TK-deficient mice to generate double mutant K14 Vegf-A Tg Vegfr1 tk mice. K14 Vegf-A Tg Vegfr1 tk mice exhibit a remarkable decrease in lymphangiogensis as well as angiogenesis in subcutaneous tissues. To address the mechanism underlying the decrease in lymphangiogensis, we investigated the recruitment of monocyte-macrophage-lineage cells into the skin. The recruitment of VEGFR1-expressing macrophages driven by VEGF-A was reduced in K14 Vegf-A Tg Vegfr1 tk mice. Vegf-A Tg mice that received VEGFR1-TK-deficient bone marrow showed a reduction of macrophage recruitment, lymphangiogenesis and angiogenesis compared with those in K14 Vegf-A Tg mice. CONCLUSIONS - VEGFR1 signaling promotes lymphangiogenesis as well as angiogenesis mainly by increasing bone marrow-derived macrophage recruitment.
|ジャーナル||Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2008 4月|
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