Vibrational spectra of thiolate-protected gold nanoclusters, prepared in a monolayer manner using the Langmuir-Blodgett method, were measured by means of infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRAS). A transferred monolayer of gold nanoclusters ligated by dodecanethiolate or 2-phenylethane-1-thiolate onto a single-crystal gold (Au) surface of Au(111) exhibits worthy IRAS spectra that reveal temperature-dependent behaviors from 100 to 340 K as well as comprehensive peak assignments based on density functional theory calculations: the conformation change in ligands between all trans and gauche defect forms with temperature. In addition to the temperature dependence, the cluster size dependence of alkyl and phenyl moieties is discussed, compared with the IRAS spectra of the corresponding self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on Au(111). Ligands spreading three-dimensionally from the Au core determine the coordination structure of the ligated Au nanoclusters.
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