Visually Analyzing Universal Quantifiers in Photograph Captions

Yuri Sato, Koji Mineshima

研究成果: Conference contribution

抄録

Universal quantifiers have been the subject of much work in symbolic and diagrammatic logic. However, little attention is paid to the question of how they can be visually grounded, that is, depicted in real images such as photographs. To investigate this question, we focus on universal quantifiers such as “all” and “every” used in an image captioning dataset and present a qualitative analysis of these expressions. The analysis revealed that although the use of universal quantifiers in image captions is rare, there are interesting patterns in their usage in terms of the semantics of visual representations. We distinguish two ways in which universal quantifiers are used in image captions. One is object-based quantification, which involves quantification over multiple discrete objects in a definite domain. The other is region-based quantification, where some property is ascribed to a salient continuous region in an image. We compare these two ways of visually representing universal quantification with two major representation systems studied in diagrammatic logic.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルDiagrammatic Representation and Inference - 13th International Conference, Diagrams 2022, Proceedings
編集者Valeria Giardino, Sven Linker, Richard Burns, Francesco Bellucci, Jean-Michel Boucheix, Petrucio Viana
出版社Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
ページ373-377
ページ数5
ISBN(印刷版)9783031151453
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2022
イベント13th International Conference on Theory and Application of Diagrams, Diagrams 2022, co-located with the IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages and Human-Centric Computing, VL/HCC 2022 - Rome, Italy
継続期間: 2022 9月 132022 9月 17

出版物シリーズ

名前Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
13462 LNAI
ISSN(印刷版)0302-9743
ISSN(電子版)1611-3349

Conference

Conference13th International Conference on Theory and Application of Diagrams, Diagrams 2022, co-located with the IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages and Human-Centric Computing, VL/HCC 2022
国/地域Italy
CityRome
Period22/9/1322/9/17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 理論的コンピュータサイエンス
  • コンピュータサイエンス一般

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