Why children differ in motivation to learn: Insights from over 13,000 twins from 6 countries

Yulia Kovas, Gabrielle Garon-Carrier, Michel Boivin, Stephen A. Petrill, Robert Plomin, Sergey B. Malykh, Frank Spinath, Kou Murayama, Juko Ando, Olga Y. Bogdanova, Mara Brendgen, Ginette Dionne, Nadine Forget-Dubois, Eduard V. Galajinsky, Juliana Gottschling, Frédéric Guay, Jean Pascal Lemelin, Jessica A.R. Logan, Shinji Yamagata, Chizuru ShikishimaBirgit Spinath, Lee A. Thompson, Tatiana N. Tikhomirova, Maria G. Tosto, Richard Tremblay, Frank Vitaro

研究成果: Article査読

52 被引用数 (Scopus)


Little is known about why people differ in their levels of academic motivation. This study explored the etiology of individual differences in enjoyment and self-perceived ability for several school subjects in nearly 13,000 twins aged 9-16 from 6 countries. The results showed a striking consistency across ages, school subjects, and cultures. Contrary to common belief, enjoyment of learning and children's perceptions of their competence were no less heritable than cognitive ability. Genetic factors explained approximately 40% of the variance and all of the observed twins' similarity in academic motivation. Shared environmental factors, such as home or classroom, did not contribute to the twin's similarity in academic motivation. Environmental influences stemmed entirely from individual specific experiences.

ジャーナルPersonality and Individual Differences
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 7月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 心理学一般


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